The History of Rome









June 2011
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Following the death of Eudoxia, the Praetorian Prefect Anthemius took control of the Eastern Empire and ran it wisely for the next decade. Meanwhile in the West, anti-barbarian policies will lead to the invasion of Italy by Alaric.

Direct download: 163-_Theodosiuss_Walls.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 1:24pm CDT

On New Year's Eve 406 a horde of barbarians crossed the lower Rhine into Gaul. Their arrival would have severe consequences for the Western Empire. 

Direct download: 162-_Opening_the_Floodgates.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 11:24pm CDT

Alaric and his Goths invaded Italy in 402. After they were pushed out, Stilicho moved the seat of the Western Imperial Court to the city of Ravenna. 

Direct download: 161-_The_Swamps_of_Ravenna.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 8:05pm CDT

In the late 390s, the generals and ministers who dominated Arcadius and Honorius battled with each other for control of the Empire. 

Direct download: 160-_East_vs._West.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 8:31pm CDT

After winning the Battle of the Frigidus River, Theodosius stood alone as the last sole ruler of the Roman Empire. He would be die just four months later.

Direct download: 159-_The_Divine_Winds.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 7:53pm CDT

In 392 Valentinian II was found hanged in his bedchamber, paving the way for another Roman Civil War. 

Direct download: 158-_Imperial_Suicide.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 6:10pm CDT

After defeating the usurper Maximus in 388 AD, Theodosius found himself facing an even greater opponent in Ambrose of Milan.

Direct download: 157-_Only_the_Pentitent_Man_Shall_Pass.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 9:26pm CDT

From 383-387 the tense quasi-partnership of Maximus, Valentinian II and Theodosius ruled the Roman Empire. During those years Bishop Ambrose and Nicean Christianity pushed themselves to dominance over their Arians rivals.

Direct download: 156-_Jockeying_for_Position.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 7:49pm CDT

In 383 the General Magnus Maximus rose up in revolt against Gratian. The power sharing agreement that followed Maximus's victory would be negotiated in part by St. Ambrose, the influencial new Bishop of Milan.

Direct download: 155-_The_New_Bishop_of_Milan.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 5:16pm CDT

Following Adrianople, Theodosius was brought in to salvage the situation. After determining that he could not beat the Goths in battle, the new Emperor was forced to sign a peace with the barbarians that treated them as, gasp, equals. 

Direct download: 154-_The_Gothic_War.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 11:37pm CDT

Operating with faulty intelligence and desperate to defeat the Goths on his own, Valens forced the disasterous Battle of Adrianople in August 378.

Direct download: 153-_Adrianople.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 12:48pm CDT

In 375 the Huns exploded into Gothic territory, sending refugees fleeing for the saftey of the Roman Empire.

Direct download: 152-_The_Storm_Before_the_Storm_2.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 10:44am CDT

Valens spent the late 360s and early 370s dealing with hostile Goths in the north and hostile Persians in the east. In 375 he would be left to face these threats alone when Valentinian suddenly died.

Direct download: 151-_Bursting_a_Blood_Vessel_2.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 2:35pm CDT

in the late 360s and early 370s AD Roman mismanagment of three different regions in the Western Empire led to armed conflict.

Direct download: 150-_The_Perils_of_Mismanagement.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 2:03pm CDT

In the winter of 367 Britannia was hit from all sides by a coordinated barbarian invasion. It would be more than a year before the Romans were able to reassert control over the island.

Direct download: 149-_The_Great_Conspiracy.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 7:45pm CDT

Shortly after Valentinian and Valens ascended to the throne, one of Julian the Apostate's maternal cousins seized control of Constantinople.

Direct download: 148-_The_Cousins_Cousin.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 9:41pm CDT

Jovian extracted the Roman legions from the east at a heavy price. He then ruled the Empire for eight months before suddenly dying on his way to Constantinople in early 364.

Direct download: 147-_Capitulation.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 8:32pm CDT

In 363 Julian launched an invasion of Sassanid Persia. He would die in battle just three months later.

Direct download: 146-_The_Spear_of_Destiny.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 8:30pm CDT

Julian came to power in late 361 and immediately set about trying to turn back the clock on both Church and State.

Direct download: 145-_Julian_the_Apostate.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 4:40pm CDT

Once he was established as a force to be reckoned with in the west, Julian revolted against Constantius II in 360 after the Emperor ordered half the Gallic army redeployed to the eastern frontier.

Direct download: 144-_The_Road_To_Constantinople.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 9:08pm CDT

After a childhood spent mostly in exile, Juian was elevated to the rank of Caesar in 355. His first assignment was to clear Gaul of Germanic invaders.

Direct download: 143-_Julian_the_Pre-Apostate.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 2:20pm CDT

After two years of sporadic war, Constantius II defeated the usurper Magnentius in 353. Following his victory the Emperor let his advisors talk him into executing first Gallus in 354 and then Claudius Silvanus in 355.

Direct download: 142-_You_Earned_It.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 1:34am CDT

Constantius and Constans shared the Empire for a decade until Constans was overthrown by a rebel general named Magnetius in 350 AD.

Direct download: 141-_Blood_and_Water.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 10:43pm CDT

The three sons of Constantine took control of the Empire following the death of their father and the murder of most of their extended family.

Direct download: 140-_My_Three_Sons.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 11:28pm CDT

Constantine was baptized on his deathbed after arranging a plan for succession.

Direct download: 139-_Wash_Away_Your_Sins.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 8:04pm CDT

Live and direct from Old Rome!

Direct download: 138-_The_New_Rome.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 1:26am CDT

This episode brought to you live and direct from Constantinople! After defeating Licinius, Constantine found his dream of a united Christian Empire foiled by a very disunited Christian Church.

Direct download: 137-_The_Christian_Emperor.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 9:52am CDT

War between Licinius and Constantine flared up again in 324 AD. This time Constantine would finish the job.

Direct download: 136-_Let_This_Be_Our_Final_Battle_2.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 6:33pm CDT

Constantine and Licinius split up the Empire following the death of Maximinus Daia in 313. It did not take long for relations betweent the two Emperors to turn sour.

Direct download: 135-_Brothers_in_Name_Only.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 7:53pm CDT

In 313 AD, Maximinus Daia and Licinus fought for control of the Eastern Roman Empire.

Direct download: 134-_And_Then_There_Were_Two.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 7:13pm CDT

On October 28, 312 AD Constantine and Maxentius fought a battle at Rome's doorstep for control of the Western Empire.

Direct download: 133-_The_Milvian_Bridge.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 8:25pm CDT

Prior to the Battle of the Milvian Bridge Constantine experienced visions and dreams that promised him victory if he embraced Christianity.

Direct download: 132-_In_This_Sign.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 9:50pm CDT

With the Tetrarchy in shambles, Diocletian will be called out of retirement in 308 AD to help broker a settlement. But the new new order will prove as bad as the old new order.

Direct download: 131-_The_New_Game_in_Town.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 9:45pm CDT

Less than two years after Diocletian's abdication, the Tetrarchy was left in shambles following the power plays of Constantine and Maxentius.

Direct download: 130-_Lost_in_Transition.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 8:59pm CDT

In 305 AD, Diocletian and Maximian voluntarily abdicated the throne, handing power over to Galerius and Constantius.

Direct download: 129-_Abdication.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 10:22pm CDT

In 303 AD Diocletian initiated the last and greatest of the Christian persecutions.

Direct download: 128-_The_Great_Persecution.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 8:52pm CDT

Rome's economy was in disarray when Diocletian came to power and he initiated major overhauls to get the system running again.

Direct download: 127-_Commanding_The_Economy.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 6:56pm CDT

Over the course of his reign Diocletian overhauled the government, transforming it into a centralized bureaucracy run by career civil servants.

Direct download: 126-_All_The_Kings_Men.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 9:47pm CDT

Over the course of his reign Diocletian instituted a number of reforms to the military structure that helped transform the legions into a new kind of army.


Direct download: 125-_The_Best_Defence_is_a_Good_Defence.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 8:08pm CDT

In the mid-to-late 290s the Imperial Tetrarchy was at war on multiple fronts. In the west Constantius undertook the reconquest of Britain, while in the east, Galerius fought a newly hostile Sassanid Empire.

Direct download: 124-_The_Tetrarchs_at_War.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 7:08pm CDT

In 293 AD Diocletian and Maximian invited Constantius and Galerius to share in their Imperial burdens, forming what we today call the Tetrarchy.

Direct download: 123-_The_Tetrarchy.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 10:52pm CDT

Immediatly after becoming the undisputed Emperor in 285, Diocletian elevated Maximian to serve as his Imperial colleague.

Direct download: 122-_Jupiter_and_Hercules.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 5:31pm CDT

The Crisis of the Third Century finally ended with the mini dynasty of Carus and his two sons. In 284 Diocletian rose to power, ushering in a new age in Roman history.

Direct download: 121-_Phase_Three_Complete.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 11:15pm CDT